The technology stack of mobile or web app plays a role in the speed and timeline of the development and impacts the ability to scale in the future. For clients and users, the main thing is that the application performs reliably and correctly without any complexities. Meanwhile, the choice of technology is entirely the developer’s choice.
What is a Technology Stack?
Technology stack usually refers to a set of technologies, programming languages, frameworks, software, and tools including server infrastructure that is used in the development and deployment of sites, apps, and other digital products. It is also called a solutions stack, technology infrastructure, or a data ecosystem.
In web development, there are two significant ends, i.e. the front-end (client-side) and the back-end (server-side).
Front-End/Client-side development technology stack:
The front-end components allow the users to interact with the software and the application. In the context of web applications, it is possible because of the following elements:
- CSS: Cascading Style Sheets is the language for describing the presentation of web pages, colours, layouts, and fonts. CSS is independent of HTML.
- HTML: HTML allows users to create and structure sections, headings, headings, links, paragraphs, and more. You can do anything on a web page using a specific HTML code.
Back-end/Server-side development technology stack:
The back-end of the development stack is like the engine of the car; it works behind the scenes and is invisible to others. It has more components that drive the application and implement its logic. All back-end stacks use the following elements:
- Operating System in which the development is done.
- Database: It organizes and stores the data which can be accessed by the computer.
- Web Server processes the request from the server.
- Programming Language: Used to create code.
- Web Development Framework for faster and easier development.
Choosing the right technology for you: Whenever a web applications development company is selecting a technology stack, you may filter your options by analyzing your project requirements and specifics.
- Project Size: The project size and complexity are some of the most critical aspects while determining the stack that you chose to develop. For smaller projects like portfolios and presentations, you can go with Node.js, Python, or even WordPress. For mid-sized projects like financial and enterprise apps, you might have relatively higher requirements, so you need to expand your stack and utilize the resources efficiently. Such an app can be delivered with MEAN, MERN, or LAMP stack. For large projects such as social media networks and global marketplaces, one needs much more speed, maintainability, and scalability. The development of such apps is a complex combination of tools, technologies, and languages. One can choose between Angular-Node.js and Python-Django.
- Scalability: If you want your app to grow, it is very imperative to keep the factor of scalability following the future in mind. Whether it is scaling vertically, adding additional software or horizontally, adding extra processing units to your server, the choice of development determines the potential of scalability.
- Cost of Development: It is essential to know your team, their skills, and the area of expertise. Choosing a stack that your team is not experienced in is an additional expenditure. You may need to hire a third-party developer which is an additional cost. Even an excellent web application development company will be able to work on these points.
- Time to Market: If you are ready to develop and launch your product in the market, you may consider starting with an MVP, or minimum viable product. To cut time and costs, it is recommended to use ready-made products in the market.
The choice of your stack depends upon the above factors. But no matter what stack you use, the success of your application depends on how often the customers use it. Therefore, don’t forget to focus on user-friendliness.