On October 24 at the Bund Summit in Shanghai, Jack gave his now (in)famous speech. He commenced by saying he was torn about what he was about to say but felt that it was critical for financial development in China. For the next twenty minutes, he launched into a not so subtle attack of the Chinese government.
In the speech, Ma criticized “outdated supervision” of financial regulation for stifling innovation and said its global banking rules were like an “old people’s club.” He called for urgent change and said that Chinese banks had a “pawnshop mentality (that) is severe, and it also affects many entrepreneurs.” Ma called the people who run the banks “old men” and inferred they were out of touch.
He went on to call out the government’s interference in businesses and their potential growth, saying, “the game in the future is about innovation, not just regulatory skills.” Ma concluded by stating that China does not have sufficient experts to make policies that align with development.
Ma has been the poster boy for Chinese technology and finance. The man who brought China to the forefront of e-commerce. In the past, he has been outspoken and is known for his controversial speeches, but this time it appeared he had finally crossed the line.
The Chinese government is not well known for tolerating criticism. Websites are censored, communications monitored. President Xi Jinping doesn’t like to be challenged. Communist party officials retaliated quickly by targeting Ma’s financial empire. It was a demonstration that no individual (no matter how rich) is more important than the Communist Party.
“The [Communist] Party is trying to make it clear that Ma is not bigger than the party,” says Rana Mitter, a professor specializing in Chinese politics at Oxford University
A week after the speech, Ma met with China’s top regulators. Following the meeting, officials published a draft of new stricter rules for online micro-lending companies like Ant Group. On November 3, the Shanghai Stock Exchange canceled the Ant Group IPO citing “significant change” in the regulatory environment. This was a huge blow to Ma, his company, and his personal finances — shares in Alibaba, which owns part of Ant, fell more than 8%, shaving $3bn off Ma’s net worth.
The Ant Group was ordered to overhaul its financial business, and an antitrust probe was launched into Alibaba Group Holding.
It also triggered Ma’s removal from the public eye. He failed to appear in the final episode of his own talent show, ‘Africa’s Business Heroes,’ which gives budding African entrepreneurs the chance to compete for a US $1.5 million prize. He was removed from the show’s website as well as all promotional videos.
He stopped posting on Twitter, where his 612,000 followers haven’t heard from him since October 12. Ma also didn’t show at the Shanghai Zhejiang chamber of commerce meeting, a forum where he has delivered a speech every year since 2016.
In short, since giving the speech, China’s richest man and the face of ‘China Inc’ has not been seen. There have been rumors authorities have detained him. People point to the case of Fan Bingbing, China’s most famous actress who was arrested for tax evasion and disappeared for months. She later appeared in a public apology expressing her loyalty to the Communist Party.
There were also fears that he may befall the same fate as former chairman and key shareholder of the Anbang Insurance Group, Wu Xiaohui. In 2018, WU was arrested for economic crimes and sentenced to eighteen years in jail.
We consider if Jack can rebuild his house
While Ma's conspiracy theories make good headlines, it does appear that he is intentionally lying low. Ma is like the scolded child, sent to his room to learn a lesson from his parents. Shaun Rein, founder of China Market Research Group, thinks so, saying, “they spanked him. He’s learned his lesson, and that’s why he’s been quiet for the past two months. Some of his friends told me they couldn’t believe how stupid he was.”
Criticizing President Xi Jinping may very well have been stupid, certainly in the eyes of one prominent blogger who has claimed that “the Jack Ma era is ended.”
This is a big call and about as likely as the Jeff Bezos era being over. China still needs Jack Ma. They have been telling the world that it is open for business, and without Ma, this reputation could be hampered. With a Covid-hit economy, they will need innovation in the tech sector more than ever.
The Chinese government has flexed its muscle, but it is too risky for it to intervene too much in Ma’s businesses; otherwise, it may cause other companies to flee or reconsider the Chinese market.
I doubt we will see Ma accept defeat. The man who rode in snow at 5 am to learn English isn’t one to give in. A man so confidant that he filmed Alibaba’s first meeting in his small apartment in February 1999 so as to document the moment for his company’s later history.
This is a true Goliath v Goliath battle. The mega-rich entrepreneur taking on the Communist government. The first round has gone to President Xi, but it will be interesting to see Ma’s next move when he returns to the public eye and how he intends to bring the Ant Group back from the ashes.
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